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Asthma is also one of the chronic lung diseases that point a dangerous finger to human life as it poses a dangerous threat to the victims involved or the patients.

Asthma deals with the breath of life, the very thing that determines our existence here on earth.

photo credit. Astha patient
photo credit

What is an Asthma?

Asthma is a chronic lung disease which is inflammable and narrows the narrows the air entering the bronchial tubes, the passageway that lets air to enter and leave the lungs.

When the bronchial tube reacts, the muscle around the airways tighten, narrows the airway thus causing a reduced flow of air into the lungs. It causes a swelling which progress and will further narrow the airways. Another thing that happens is the production of thick, sticky mucus fluid that goes further in closing up the already narrowed airways.

The reaction of this process will be chest tightness, shortness of breath, constant coughing and wheezing.

Sometimes, Asthmatic symptoms can be mild and can also be spontaneously resolved. But, in some cases, it can become worse and will result in an Asthmatic attack.

Asthmatic patients when exposed to a substance or materials which they are sensitive to, or they are in any unfavourable condition that changes their breathing pattern, and the symptoms may grow worse.

Treating Asthma symptoms is very vital and important thing because if an asthmatic attack happens, and if it is left unattended to, it could be fatal, the person could even lose his life.

There are two types of Asthma:

Allergic: caused by being exposed to an allergen.

Non-Allergic: resulting from an illness like flu or cold, harmful substance in the air, stress, exercise, exposure, to freezing weather.

Causes of Asthma

Things that cause Asthma include:

1. Childhood respiratory infections
2. Genetic issues, when your family history have Asthma in their lineage or when your father or your mother have an Asthma, you are likely to have Asthma.
3. Smoking during pregnancy increases the risk of the baby having Asthma
4. When you have allergens, it also causes Asthma
5. Another thing that might cause Asthma is when you expose yourself to some particular harmful chemical toxic substance at work.

Symptoms of Asthma

Common symptoms of asthma which one could expect are the following listed below

• Constant cold in the chest
• Frequent coughing that happens most especially at night and interrupts one’s sleep
• A whistling and wheezing sound which occurs when breathing especially when you are breathing out.
• Tightness in the chest that causes difficulty in breathing or fast breathing.
When you have one or more of this symptoms, it doesn’t automatically determine that you have an Asthma. But you have to go for physical examination by a doctor and have a proper lung function test to confirm whether you have an Asthma or not. Also, do a history taking of your family when you start noticing these symptoms to know if it runs in your family lineage.

photo credit; asthma symptoms
photo credit

Triggers of Asthma

Some triggers that cause inflammation in the lungs and causes an Asthmatic attack include the following listed below:

• Allergens (animal fur, cockroaches, dust. Flowers)
• Strong smells
• Climate change, especially cold weather.
• Smoke, smoking cigarette, smoke from power plants
• Running or playing hard, exercise
• Medicines- NSAIDs (aspirin), Acetaminophen.
• Chemical irritants, sprays, air pollution, perfume.
• Respiratory infections
• Stress

Prevention of Asthma

Listed here below are the preventives measures to take when you are an Asthma patient, or you have someone that is an Asthma patient.

• Have a proper education about Asthma, know everything you need to know.
• Have an Action Plan For Asthma and follow the steps for it.
• Also, follow your doctor’s medication routine.
• Know your action triggers and try as much as possible to avoid them.
• Document the progress of your Asthma.
• Always pay a visit to your doctor to check your progress.

Controls and treatments for Asthma:

For now, in the world, Asthma has no cure, but there are measurable things to do to control the disease. These controls include

• Prevent recurrent and chronic symptoms like coughing
• Always maintain the function of the lungs and how it works.
• Always keep up with your regular activities
• A regular visit to the hospital for check up.
• Do very well to avoid the allergens that trigger your Asthma symptoms.

Medications used to reduce Asthma symptoms

Medications for Asthma can be broadly be divided into two:

It comes with medications for a long- term period and medications gives a rapid relief for Asthma symptoms attacks.

The both medications aimed at reducing inflammation in the airway to control Asthma.

These treatments depend on the individuals and according to how their body works, and they take their treatment serious.

The first treatment depends on how worse the inflammation in the Bronchial tube works.

Further treatments depend on how further the Asthma patient goes on with the treatment. It also depends on how the patient follows the Asthma Action Plan and how effective the plan is being followed.

There are many effective medicines used to treat Asthma and reduce Asthma symptoms. We have

• Quick relief medicine
• Long term medicines

Quick relief medicine includes these two drugs listed below:
• Short-acting inhaled beta2-agonist.
• Anticholinergics.

The two type of drugs expands the Bronchial tube, the passageway that allows the in and out of the air. It allows more air to come and goes out freely and also help to clear sticky, thick mucus from the lungs.

Long term medicines are drugs taken every day to prevent attacks and symptoms. These include the following listed below:
• Oral corticosteroids
• Methylxanthines
• Antileukotrienes or leukotriene modifiers
• Immunomodulators
• Cromolyn sodium.
• Inhaled corticosteroids
• Long-acting inhaled beta-agonist (always administered with another Asthma related drugs)

Asthma is a very chronic disease as it poses a threat to the affected person’s life involved. And though for now, it doesn’t have any cure but with proper care, and check Up and especially avoiding the triggers and Allergens of Asthma, you can go a long time without having the symptoms. But you have to be extremely careful in everything you do. Also, avoid work that might make you an Asthmatic patient or give you Asthma symptoms.

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